With Halloween upon us, I thought I’d recycle a review of the finest scary movie ever made.
Any film where the director bars the Jesuit-influenced screenwriter from the set because the screenwriter wants the film to be unequivocal in its conclusion that God triumphs over Satan is unique. As the screenwriter William Peter Blatty observed:
Like so many Catholics, I’ve had so many little battles of wavering faith over the course of my life. And I was going through one at that time. And when I heard about this case and read the details, that seemed so compelling. I thought, my God, if someone were to investigate this and authenticate it, what a tremendous boost to faith it would be. I thought, someday I would like to see that happen. You know, I would like to do it . . . the research into it affected me. And the novel, it very much strengthened my faith.
The film opens near an archaeological dig in Iraq. There, director William Friedken shows a harsh and poverty-stricken world where the blind are led by starving children, a widow grieves inconsolably, people work in small foundries like toilers in a fiery, oppressive Hell, and Father Merrin (Max Von Sydow) receives a sign that he will soon be meeting Satan. We are immediately transported to Washington, D.C., where another priest – Father Karras (Jason Miller) – is in a modern Hell. He is counselor to unsure and shaken Catholic priests. He tells one, “There’s not a day in my life when I don’t feel like a fraud.” To another, “I think I’ve lost my faith.” Karras’ mother is in her own hellish 70s New York City. She needs care, she lives in a slum, and he is wracked with guilt over her abandonment.
Friedken masterfully demonstrates the connection between a society sick by sin and the infestation of one little girl, Regan McNeil (Linda Blair), the daughter of a Hollywood actress (Ellen Burstyn) filming on location in D.C. As Regan’s personality changes, she undergoes rigorous medical procedures (an arteriogram and a pneumoenchephalogram, to name two) that are graphic and invasive, and psychological probing (way before its time, the film has a doctor extolling the virtues of Ritalin). Her father forgets to call her on her birthday, pointing up the damage of divorce, and, she is alone and lonely, in a foreign town and a rented townhouse. She is the quintessential “modern” child.
The other characters are also on the point of knife. Father Karras is soon distraught and on the edge of breakdown after the death of his mother as he continues to counsel other priests sick at heart and doubting of faith. The director of Burstyn’s “film in the film” (Jack MacGowran) is a lonely drunk cursed by memories of the Holocaust who scathingly brands Burstyn’s housekeeper of Germanic descent as a closet Nazi. Everything seems rife with wrong and discomfort, somehow vulnerable.
As Regan descends into the throes of possession, Friedken and Blatty smartly turn the world on its head: the physicians, once cocky, can offer Burstyn only the Jesuits, but only because they might suggest salvation to Reagan. And when she talks to Karras (himself an Ivy League trained psychologist), the priest immediately sends her back to the doctors and recommends the child’s institutionalization. This is what modernity does when confronted by evil – denies it or locks it away.
When it can no longer denied, as the little girl is tormented by evil, Friedken uses all means at his disposal to discomfort the viewer visually, from the foul, such as the vomit and goo and the masturbation-with-crucifix (Blair had a stunt double who was used in the disturbing sexual scenes, for those who may have been wondering – double or no, it is still quite a shock to see a little girl utter the abomination “Let Jesus fu** you, let him fu** you”) to the subtle (the use of subliminal cuts, as when Father Karras dreams of his mother and sees a death mask and when the samemask is overlaid on Blair’s face during the exorcism). Friedken also had the set dropped to below freezing, and the effect on the actors is stunning – their fear is enhanced by physical cold and the steam of breath is another frightening component.
Indeed, Blatty – an earnest writer of a morality tract in constant combat with the bombastic Friedken – expressed his concerns over Friedken’s depictions: “A large section of the audience probably came because something that shocking and vulgar could be seen on the American screen. Bill Friedken always said that would be the case; that they would come to see the little girl masturbate with the crucifix . . . At the time I didn’t believe it; I thought he was destroying the film. But when I perceived that he was absolutely right, I thought it was terribly depressing.”
Friedken is constantly tracking his characters slowly, taking the time to lovingly show what they see. Burstyn’s walk home from a film shoot in Georgetown, where she witnesses Karras furtively counseling one priest and then walks by two nuns with the wind whipping their garb, lends an eerie sense of the foreign and hidden. Much of the camera work is tracking or slow zooms in and out, with the occasional hand-held jolt (mostly, when characters are rushing to Regan’s room). The effect lulls the viewer, making the terror – when it occurs – all the more jolting.
The performances are just right, to a fault. Blair is sweet and gentle as needs be, until – with the help of a stunt double, the guttural voice of Merecedes MacCambridge and various pulleys – she transforms convincingly into a leering, goading demon. Burstyn presents as a pampered star and mother at the end of her rope, but she grows to a hardened, more simple warrior by the end of the film. Von Sydow is appropriately spooky as the doomed Father Merrin. McGowran and Lee J. Cobb are memorable as the murder victim and the murder policeman. Indeed, Cobb’s gentle interrogations of Karras and McNeil are the kind of quiet respites necessary for such a tense film. These characters also represent the skeptic challenging the believer at the believer’s most tenuous. Indeed, the film should be a Hollywood treatise on the exposition of minor characters
The great performance, however, belongs to Miller (who succumbed to drink and never really did much as an actor after The Exorcist). His is a tortured existence, filled with doubt, and his trepidation shows in his eyes. Physically, Miller plays him almost as a man who fears that his weakness and doubt is obvious to all, so he shrinks himself so as not to be noticed. In that way, Father Karras almost becomes a man who knows Satan is looking for him. Friedken films Miller hunched over, or huddled in talk, or sitting down, or crouched, or in a crowd, making Karras as invisible as a man who is losing faith needs to be.
In the end, due to the exertions of Blatty (who was at one point banned from the set), the film is a clear triumph of good over evil. Father Karras defies the devil “Come into me! Come into me!” The devil obliges, and for a moment, it looks as if Satan/Karras will kill Regan. Karras, however, summons his faith and hurls himself out of the window. He is given last rites, and later, a recovered Regan (having no memory or the possession) sees a priest and kisses him.
The Exorcist is a cinematic declaration that palpable, defined evil exists, a conclusion that can be attributed to Blatty. It is an ultimate rejection of moral relativism, with harsh observations on modern mores and technological advances. It is hyper religious. After all, you cannot really find “good” or “justification” or “well, sure . . . but” in Satan. There is no bargain, even as Burstyn asks a herd of befuddled doctors “You’re telling me that I should take my daughter to a witch doctor?” The answer is, yes, there is no modern skate or help for you. And Friedken, the carnival barker, effectively shows you just how frightening and insidiously entertaining Satan can be.
A closing note: Blatty wrote The Exorcist many years after attending Georgetown University in Washington, D.C. One of his inspirations was newspaper reports of a real life exorcism of a boy in Mt. Rainier, Maryland. That boy went to my high school, and you can read about his story here — http://www.strangemag.com/exorcistpage1.html Enjoy.